Overview Of The Temple of Literature
This is a temple and garden complex that was founded in the 11th century as a center of learning and scholarship. It was the first university in Vietnam and is a significant cultural and historical site in the country.
The Hanoi Old Quarter: This is a historic neighborhood located near the Thang Long Imperial City that is known for its narrow streets, traditional houses, and vibrant markets. It is a great place to explore and get a sense of local culture and daily life in Hanoi.
Overall, the Thang Long Imperial City is a fascinating and important cultural and historical site that is well worth a visit while in Hanoi. It is a great place to learn about Vietnam’s rich history and culture and to get a sense of the city’s past.
History Of The Temple of Literature
The Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam, is a historic temple and educational institution that was founded in 1070 during the Lý Dynasty. It is dedicated to Confucius, the Chinese philosopher and educator, and is considered one of the most important cultural and historical sites in Vietnam.
The temple was originally built as a place for scholars and officials to study and pass the imperial examinations, which were required for civil service positions in the government. It was also used as a place for scholars to engage in philosophical and literary discussions, and as a center for the study of Confucianism and the Chinese classics.
Over the centuries, the Temple of Literature has undergone numerous renovations and expansions, and it has become a symbol of Vietnamese culture and education. Today, it is a popular tourist attraction and a National Historical and Cultural Monument of Vietnam. It is also the site of the Imperial Academy, which was the first national university in Vietnam and is now a museum and research institute.
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Architecture Of The Temple Of Literature
The Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam, is a beautiful and historic complex that consists of several buildings, gardens, and courtyards. The temple is divided into five courtyards, each with its own significance. The courtyards are surrounded by walls and gates, and they are connected by a series of walkways.
The Lake of Wisdom (Ho Van): The round pond was designed to be at the front of the whole complex, protecting it from the entering of evil elements. Today Ho Van is separated from the rest of the complex by Quoc Tu Giam Street.
The Van Mieu Gate: is the main entrance to the Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam. It is located at the front of the temple and is the first thing that visitors see when they arrive. The Van Mieu Gate is a two-story structure that is made of wood and has a traditional Vietnamese architectural style, with curved roofs and intricate carvings.
Dai Trung Mon leads into Secodn ForFirst court (Nhap Dao Court)
Or “the court of freshmen” is the first courtyard extend straight behind the triple arched entrance portal to the Gate of
Khue Van Cac: A beautiful wooden structure with a tiled roof known as the Khue Van Cac, or “Pavilion of Literature’s Constellation,” a wooden belfry with traditional curved roof, elevated off the ground by four stone pilars. Khue Van Cac is the connection between the second and the third courtyards
Stone Steles: Third courtyard is dominated by a large central pond flanked by two galleries of stoen stelae. The stone stelae are a series of 82 stone tablets that are inscribed with the names of scholars who passed the imperial exams.
Dai Thanh Hall: in the fourth courtyard is the central ceremonial space of the entire complex and localted in front of the main worship halls. The worship halls is a double structure comprising of the alta hall of Dai Bai at the front and the Hall of Dai Thanh being the sancturary of Confucius and is most significant disciples. The statue of Confucius sits in the center, surrounded by the statues of The Four Sages and tablets of The Ten Wise Ones (it is twelve in original Chinese version).
Quoc Tu Giam: The fifth courtyard was added to the complex in 1076 under the command of Emperor Ly Nhan Tong, to house the Imperial Academy. Dominated by a 2-storey building. The ground floor is to worship Chu Van An (1292 – 1370), the first rector of the Imperial Academy, also the most respected Confucian scholar in the country; the upper floor has the altars of three monarchs who were much credited for the development of national education, being Emperor Ly Thanh Tong, Ly Nhan Tong and Le Thanh Tong.
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Most Revered Vietnamese Scholar In The Temple Of Literature
Chu Van An was a Vietnamese scholar and official who lived during the 13th and 14th centuries. He is best known for his contributions to education and his role in the development of the imperial examination system in Vietnam.
Chu Van An was born in 1292 in Hanoi, Vietnam. He was a talented scholar and excelled in his studies from a young age. He eventually passed the imperial exams and rose through the ranks of the government, becoming a high-ranking official. Chu Van An is remembered for his contributions to education in Vietnam.
The temple also has a number of smaller buildings that were used for various purposes, including a library, a theater, and a drum tower. The Temple of Literature is surrounded by beautiful gardens that are filled with trees, flowers, and ponds. It is a peaceful and serene place that is a popular destination for tourists and locals alike.
The Stone Stelae In The Temple Of Literature
The stelae were erected in the courtyard of the temple and are considered to be one of the most important cultural relics in Vietnam. A series of 82 stone tablets that are inscribed with the names of scholars who passed the imperial exams. The first stele was errected in 1484 under Emperor Le Thanh Tong for the 1482 exam, and the last one errected in 1780 for the exam in the preceding year. The steles were listed on UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register in 2011.
Information Of The Temple Of Literature
Address: 58 Quoc Tu Giam Street, Dong Da District, Hanoi City.
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From 15th April to 15th October: Daily 07:00-18:00.
From 16th October to 14th April: Daily 08:00-17:30.
Opening hours during Tet may change without prior notice.
Child below 5 yrs: free.
Audio guide: 50,000đ.
Audio guide in 12 languages: Vietnamese, English, French, German, Spanish, Portugese, Italian, Russian, Japanese, Korean, Thai, Chinese.”
Average visit time: 1 hour