The One-Pillar Pagoda, also known as the “Chùa Một Cột” in Vietnamese, is a historic Buddhist temple located in Hanoi, Vietnam. It is located near the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum and Museum, and is a popular tourist attraction in the city.

History of the One-Pillar Pagoda
The One-Pillar Pagoda was built in the 11th century by King Ly Thai Tong, who reportedly had a dream in which he received a divine message to build a pagoda in the shape of a lotus flower. The pagoda is named after the single stone pillar that supports its structure, which is said to represent the lotus flower and symbolize the unity of the Vietnamese people.

The pagoda was destroyed during the First Indochina War and rebuilt in 1955 after the war ended. The reconstruction of the pagoda and its lotus-shaped shrine was based on the records of that Nguyen Dynasty had left.

Architecture of the One-Pillar Pagoda
The Diên Hựu Pagoda is built in the traditional Vietnamese style, with sweeping roofs and ornate carvings and decorations. The pagoda is set in a large, peaceful garden and is surrounded by low walls. The One-pillar pagoda is indeed the Lotus Shrine a small structure formally belonging to the Dien Huu Pagoda at its front. Through the length of centuries, the pagoda and the Lotus Shrine were ravaged and restored many times.

The reconstruction of the pagoda and its lotus-shaped shrine was based on the records of that Nguyen Dynasty had left. It was built of wood and supported by a single central stone pillar 1.25 m in diameter and 4 m in height. The goddess of grace Guanyin is worshiped inside shrine which can be reached by stairs. There are much more altars inside the main pagoda with old statues and elaborate sculptures. Next door is the worship hall of the Holy Mothers.

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Visitors to the One-Pillar Pagoda can explore the temple grounds and take in the charming architecture and decorations. The pagoda is made of wood and has a traditional Vietnamese style, with a red and gold color scheme and intricate carvings and paintings. Visitors can also pay respects to the altar and pray for good luck.

King Ly Thai Tong Who Built the One-Pillar Pagoda
King Lý Thái Tông was a ruler of the Lý dynasty, which ruled Vietnam from 1009 to 1225. He is considered one of the most influential and successful kings in Vietnamese history and is remembered for his many contributions to the country’s development.

King Lý Thái Tông was born in 1010 and became king in 1028 at the age of 18. He is credited with unifying the country and establishing a strong central government, which helped to bring stability to Vietnam after a period of civil war and political unrest.

During his reign, King Lý Thái Tông implemented a number of reforms and policies that helped to strengthen the economy and improve the lives of his subjects. He encouraged trade and commerce, and his policies led to the development of new industries, including iron and steel production, silk weaving, and shipbuilding.

King Lý Thái Tông was also a patron of the arts and a devout Buddhist. He supported the construction of many Buddhist temples and pagodas, including the famous One-Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi.

King Lý Thái Tông is remembered as a wise and just ruler who made significant contributions to the development and prosperity of Vietnam. He is still revered in Vietnam today and is considered one of the country’s greatest kings.

Inside the pagoda, visitors can see a variety of Buddhist artifacts and artworks, including statues of the Buddha and other deities, as well as intricate carvings and paintings. The pagoda is also home to a large collection of Buddhist scriptures and other religious texts.

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The One-Pillar Pagoda And the Spread Of Buddhism In Vietnam
Buddhism has a long and rich history in Vietnam, with the religion being introduced to the country as early as the 2nd century AD. During the 11th century, Buddhism was an important religion in Vietnam and played a significant role in the country’s culture and society.

In the 11th century, Vietnam was divided into two main kingdoms: the Dai Viet kingdom in the north and the Champa kingdom in the south. Both kingdoms were influenced by Buddhism, with the Dai Viet kingdom being particularly strong in its adherence to the religion. The rulers of the Dai Viet kingdom, including the Ly dynasty, were devout Buddhists and supported the spread of the religion throughout the kingdom.

During this time, Buddhism in Vietnam was primarily of the Mahayana tradition, which emphasized the concept of the bodhisattva, or enlightened being, who delays their own enlightenment in order to help others achieve enlightenment. This emphasis on compassion and altruism was reflected in the construction of many Buddhist temples and pagodas during this time, including the One-Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi.

In addition to its role in religious practices, Buddhism also played a significant role in the political and cultural life of Vietnam in the 11th century. Buddhist monasteries served as centers of learning and scholarship, and Buddhist teachings were often used to justify the actions of the ruling classes. The religion was also an important source of artistic inspiration, with many Buddhist temples and pagodas being decorated with intricate carvings and paintings. Overall, Buddhism was an integral part of life in Vietnam in the 11th century and continues to be an important religion in the country to this day.

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Attractions Near the One-Pillar Pagoda
The One-Pillar Pagoda is a small but iconic Buddhist temple located in the grounds of the Presidential Palace in Hanoi, Vietnam. There are several attractions and points of interest located nearby that visitors may wish to explore while in the area. These include:

The Presidential Palace: The One-Pillar Pagoda is located within the grounds of the Presidential Palace, which is a grand and impressive building that is worth a visit in its own right. The palace is not open to the public, but visitors can still appreciate its architectural beauty from the outside.
The Temple of Literature: The Temple of Literature is a Confucian temple located just a short distance from the One-Pillar Pagoda. It is a beautiful and historic site that is worth a visit for anyone interested in Vietnamese culture and history.
The Hanoi Citadel: The Hanoi Citadel is a large complex of ancient fortifications located in the center of Hanoi. It is a popular tourist attraction and offers a glimpse into the city’s past.
The Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum: The Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is a popular attraction in Hanoi, located just a short distance from the One-Pillar Pagoda. It is the final resting place of Vietnam’s former leader, Ho Chi Minh, and is a popular destination for tourists.
There are many interesting and enjoyable attractions located near the One-Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi, making it a great destination for tourists interested in exploring the city’s rich culture and history.

Information of The One-Pillar Pagoda
Opening hours:

Daily 06:00 – 11:00 and 14:00 – 18:00
1st and 15th of lunar month: 06:00 – 21:00