History Of Hoa Lu
Hoa Lu is a small town in the Ninh Binh province of Vietnam that was the capital of the country during the Dinh and Le dynasties in the 10th and 11th centuries. The area is known for its beautiful natural landscape, including the Trang An Landscape Complex, which is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
During the Dinh dynasty, which lasted from 968 to 980, the capital was moved from Hoa Lu to Hoa Binh. However, when the Le dynasty came to power in the late 11th century, the capital was moved back to Hoa Lu. The Le dynasty, which lasted until 1009, was a time of great cultural and economic growth in Vietnam. It was also a time of conflict, as the country was invaded by the Song dynasty of China and fought against the Cham people in the south.
Today, Hoa Lu is known for its historical and cultural significance, as well as its natural beauty. It is a popular tourist destination, with many visitors coming to see the ancient temples and tombs that are located in the area. The town is also home to a number of festivals and cultural events, including the annual Hoa Lu Festival, which celebrates the history and culture of the region.
Architectures In Hoa Lu
Architectures in Hoa Lu are influenced by traditional Vietnamese design, with an emphasis on symmetry, balance, and the use of natural materials. The temple features many beautiful and intricate carvings, as well as ornate decorations and intricate details. The present-day architectures have undegone numerous renovation around 17th and 19th century. The temple is also surrounded by beautiful gardens and landscaped grounds, which contribute to its peaceful and serene atmosphere.
The Dinh and Le temples are two structrues were built in the 10th and 11th centuries, respectively, and are dedicated to the Dinh and Le dynasties that ruled Vietnam during that time. Both the Temple of King Dinh and the Temple of King Le have been recognized as “Top 100 famous 100-year-old buildings in Vietnam.
Nhat Tru Pagoda features an old sutra pillar which is a rare artifact to be found today.
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Temple Of King Dinh Tien Hoang In Hoa Lu
The Temple of King Dinh Tien Hoang, or Thuong Temple (Upper Temple) is an important relic that is part of the special protection area of the Hoa Lu ancient heritage complex in Truong Yen commune, Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh. It is located in the center of the East citadel of the old Kinh Do and is the only place in Vietnam that simultaneously worships King Dinh Tien Hoang, his parents and sons, and has a tablet to worship the generals of the Dinh dynasty.
The outer layer of the temple is the Ngo Mon Quan (outer gate) with three tiled compartments. Through a short courtyard, visitors will reach the Nghi Mon (inside gate), which has three compartments built of ironwood architecture with three rows of pillars. In the four outer corners of the inner door, there are four tall pillars. Beyond the inner door, visitors will pass through two large pillars to reach the dragon yard. In the middle of the dragon yard, there is a stone screen that is 1.8 meters long and 1.4 meters wide and is surrounded by embossed carvings. On either side of the dragon’s fall, there are two adoring stone clams carved on beautiful monolithic green rocks.
The main hall is dedicated to King Dinh Tien Hoang and features a large statue of the king, as well as various artifacts and historical items related to his reign. The interior showcases the art of wood and stone carving by Vietnamese folk artists from the 17th to 19th centuries.
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Temple of King Le Dai Hanh in Hoa Lu
The Temple of King Le Dai Hanh, also known as the Ha Temple (Lower Temple), is located in Truong Yen Ha village in the special relic of Hoa Lu ancient capital Ninh Binh. This more than 100-year-old temple is known for its unique architectural style that dates back to the 17th century and is only about 300 meters north of the Temple of King Dinh Tien Hoang. The Temple of King Le is a popular destination for those interested in learning about Vietnam’s history through historical sites and admiring unique ancient architectural arts.
The Temple of King Le Dai Hanh was built in the 17th century at the same time as the Temple of King Dinh Tien Hoang and has a similar architectural style. It features the architecture and sculptures of the Later Le period and is built according to the structure of foreign and domestic construction. The only difference between the Temple of King Le and the Temple of King Dinh is that the Temple of King Le is entered through the east gate and does not have stone thresholds with prominent ancient stones. The Temple of King Le Dai Hanh was built on the old foundation of the royal palace in Hoa Lu Ancient Capital. In 1998, archaeologists excavated an area of 200 square meters south of the temple grounds to confirm this legend.
Nhat Tru Pagoda in Hoa Lu
The Nhat Tru Pagoda is home to the Lang Nghiem Pillar, a 4.16 meter-high, 4.5 ton octagonal stone pillar that was carved with Buddhist scriptures in Han characters in 995. The pillar is made up of 6 stone parts that are held together without any adhesives and has been recognized as a National Treasure in Ninh Binh Province. The pillar is highly valued for its historical and cultural significance.
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The Nhat Tru Pagoda also hosts several unique festivals throughout the year, including the rite of offering Buddhist prayers for national security on the 15th day of the first lunar month and a ceremony to pray for good weather and abundant harvest on the 8th day of the fourth lunar month. The Nhat Tru Pagoda Festival takes place at the beginning of the third lunar month during the Truong Yen Festival.
Information of Hoa Lu
Address: Truong Yen Commune, Hoa Lu District, Ninh Binh Province
Opening: Daily 07:30 – 17:00
Entrance fee: 20,000đ per person, same adults and children.
Average visit time: 1.5 hours