The Fine Art Museum in Hanoi, Vietnam, is a museum dedicated to the collection, preservation, and exhibition of fine art from Vietnam and other countries. The museum was founded in 1966 and is located in the Ba Dinh District of Hanoi.
The Fine Art Museum in Hanoi has a large collection of artworks, including paintings, sculptures, and other works of art from various periods and styles. The museum’s collection includes works by Vietnamese artists, as well as works by artists from other countries.
Establishment Of The Fine Art Museum
The Vietnam National Museum of Fine Arts is the country’s premier art museum, documenting Vietnam’s diverse artistic history from prehistoric times all the way to the present. It is located in a former Catholic college for young girls, built in 1937. In 1966, it was converted into the fine art museum and officially opened to the public. The entire area of the museum is 4,737m2 of which the exhibition space is around 3,000m2.
The museum’s exhibits are divided into several galleries, each of which focuses on a specific period or style of art. The museum’s permanent exhibits include works from the ancient period, the medieval period, the modern period, and the contemporary period. The museum also has a gallery dedicated to the art of ethnic minority groups in Vietnam.
In addition to the permanent displays, the Museum has side spaces for temporary exhibitions, creative activities for children and a café.
The Displays in The Fine Art Museum
From Prehistory Era to 10th Century
Exhibition presents objects in different themes including production tools, weapons, objects of everyday life, ornaments, artistic figurines and musical instruments.
– Prehistoric period used same approach as that in the National Museum of Vietnam History, featuring arts of pre-Dong Son cultures (Phùng Nguyên, Đồng Đậu, Gò Mun), cultures of Dong Son era (Dong Son, Sa Huynh, Dong Nai, Oc Eo).
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– Period from 2nd century BC to 10th century AD shows the Chinese influence on indigeneous art under their occupation, the Vietnamese learned Chinese techniques while still practicing their own indigenous arts. This is most predominately seen in the ceramics.
Vietnamese art before the 10th century was heavily influenced by the art of China, which had a long history of artistic and cultural exchange with Vietnam. This is particularly evident in the art of the Dong Son culture, which flourished in Vietnam from the 4th to the 1st century BCE. The Dong Son people were skilled bronze casters and produced a large number of bronze drums, which were adorned with intricate patterns and images depicting various aspects of daily life and culture.
Other forms of art that were popular during this period included pottery, sculpture, and stone carving. Many of the stone carvings that have been found from this period depict images of animals, such as dragons and tigers, as well as scenes from everyday life and mythology. The art of this period was also characterized by a strong emphasis on symbolism and the use of abstract forms and patterns.
From 11th to 15th Century
under Ly and Tran Dynasty, is often regarded as the Golden Age of Vietnamese art where the country experienced a period of independence and flourished in its own artistic endeavors. impact of Confucianism, Mahayana Buddhism and Taoism can be seen during this time. superb collection of ancient Buddhas, wooden statues, painted and covered with bronze.
The Ly dynasty (1009-1225) and Tran dynasty (1225-1400) were both important periods in Vietnamese history. During these dynasties, Vietnam was heavily influenced by the art and culture of the Song dynasty in China, and many Vietnamese artists were trained in the Chinese style. However, this period also saw the development of a distinct Vietnamese artistic style.
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Art forms that flourished during the Ly and Tran dynasties included painting, sculpture, and ceramics. Painting during this period often depicted subjects such as landscapes, flowers, and birds. Sculpture and ceramic works from this period show the influence of Buddhism and Taoism.
From 15th to 18th Century
The Le Dynasty (1428-1789) and the Mac Dynasty (1592-1802) were both important periods in Vietnamese history, during which the country experienced significant cultural, artistic, and political developments. The art of this period was influenced by a number of different factors, including the country’s long history of cultural exchange with China, as well as indigenous Vietnamese traditions.
During the Le Dynasty, Vietnam saw a flourishing of Buddhist art, with the construction of many new temples and the creation of beautiful statues, paintings, and other works of art. The Mac Dynasty, on the other hand, was a period of great cultural exchange with Europe, and Vietnamese art of this period was influenced by Western styles and techniques. This period also saw the development of new forms of art, such as literature, theater, and music.
The 18th And 19th Century
During the 18th and 19th centuries, Vietnam was a country in transition, undergoing significant social, cultural, and political changes. The art of this period reflects these changes and the various influences that were shaping the country at the time.
One of the most significant influences on Vietnamese art during this period was the spread of Catholicism, which brought with it a number of European artistic styles and techniques. This period saw the construction of many beautiful churches and cathedrals, as well as the creation of paintings, sculptures, and other works of art that were influenced by European styles.
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At the same time, traditional Vietnamese art forms such as lacquerware, ceramics, and woodcarving continued to flourish, and these works often incorporated elements of European design and techniques. The art of this period was also influenced by the country’s increasing contact with the outside world, as Vietnam began to open up to trade and cultural exchange with other countries.
Early 20th Century To Present Day
Vietnamese art in the 20th century and the present has been shaped by a number of different factors, including the country’s political and social developments, as well as global artistic trends and influences.
During the early 20th century, Vietnam was a French colony, and Vietnamese art of this period was influenced by French styles and techniques. After Vietnam gained independence in 1954, the country experienced a period of political and social upheaval, including the Vietnam War and the subsequent reunification of the country. This period was reflected in the art of the time, which often addressed themes of war, loss, and the struggle for independence.
In the latter part of the 20th century and the present, Vietnamese art has continued to evolve and change, with new artistic movements and styles emerging. Many contemporary Vietnamese artists are exploring a wide range of themes and techniques, and their work often reflects the country’s diverse cultural heritage and the globalizing influences of the modern world.
Information of the Fine Art Museum
Address: 66 Nguyen Thai Hoc St, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi.
Opening: Daily 08:30 – 17:00 except Monday.
Child below 16 years: 10,000đ/person
Child below 6 years: free
Average visit time: 2 hours